03a 300 Obama Hugs Him after speech 

多くの日本人始め世界中の人たちが感動したスピーチではなかったでしょうか?このように考え抜かれたスピーチ英文は、英語学習者すべてにとって、文字通り「活きた貴重な教材」だと信じます。LLシホヤ新井教室の英検3級レベル以上の中高生(指導済み)M-PEC講座(611()7:00-9:00 pm)で紹介させていただきます。




www.shihoya.com ⇒「残しておきたい~」⇒「心に残る~」でご覧いただけます。YouTubeと、PDFもございます。(訂正済み訳文を掲載 on 2016.06.10)



2016527日:オバマ大統領の広島での歴史的スピーチ (全文)

Obama Makes Historic Speech in Hiroshima on May 27th, 2016 (Full Text)


英文は共同通信社より。注釈と翻訳は遠藤由明。17 minutes’ Speech1454 letters>



71 years ago, on a bright cloudless morning, death fell from the sky and the world was changed. A flash of light and a wall of fire destroyed a city and *demonstrated that mankind *possessed the means to destroy itself. Why do we come to this place, to Hiroshima? We come to *ponder a terrible *force *unleashed in the not so *distant past. We come to *mourn the dead, including over 100,000 Japanese men, women and children, thousands of Koreans and a dozen Americans held prisoner.

Their souls speak to us. They ask us to look inward to take stock of who we are and what we might become.


*a wall of fire:火の壁 逃げ場のない火炎  *demonstrate [démənstrèɪt] (vt) 論証する、実証する  *possess [pəzés](vt) 所有する  *ponder [pάndɚ](vt) 熟考する  *force [fˈɔɚs](n) 物理的な強さ、軍隊  *unleash [`ʌnlíːʃ](vt) ~の束縛を解き放つ <a terrible force unleashed:解き放たれた恐ろしい力>  *distant [dístənt](a) 距離的に遠い  *mourn [mˈɔɚn](vt) 哀悼する、悔やむ  *take stock of:~を評価する、棚卸する








It is not the fact of war that *sets Hiroshima apart. *Artifacts tell us that violent *conflict appeared with the very first men. Our early ancestors, having learned to make blades from *flint and *spears from wood, used these tools not just for hunting but against their own kind.

On every continent the history of civilization is filled with war, whether driven by *scarcity of grain or hunger for gold, *compelled by nationalist *fervor or religious *zeal. Empires have risen and fallen, peoples have been *subjugated and *liberated, and at each *juncture innocents have suffered -- a countless *toll, their names forgotten by time.


*set ~ apart:~を別にしておく  *artifact [άɚṭɪf`ækt](n) 人工物、遺物  *conflict [kάnflɪkt]:闘争、衝突  *flint [flínt]:火打石、燧石(すいせき)  *spear [spíɚ]:槍(やり)  *scarcity [skéɚsəṭi]:欠乏  *compel [kəmpél](vt) 無理強いする、強要する  *fervor [fˈɚːvɚ]:沸騰、熱烈、熱情 <Cf. fever [fíːvɚ]:発熱、熱狂>  * zeal [zíːl]:熱中、熱意  *subjugate [sˈʌbdʒʊgèɪt](vt) 征服する、服従させる  *liberate [líbərèɪt](vt) 開放する、自由にする  *juncture [dʒˈʌŋ(k)tʃɚ](n) 結合、重大な危機  *toll [toʊl]:鐘の音、死者







The World War that reached its *brutal end in Hiroshima and Nagasaki was fought among the *wealthiest and most powerful of nations. Their civilizations had given the world great cities and magnificent art. Their thinkers had advanced ideas of justice and harmony and truth, and yet the war grew out of the same base *instinct for *domination or conquest that had caused conflicts among the simplest *tribes, an old pattern amplified by new *capabilities and without new *constraints.


*brutal [brúːṭl](a) 冷酷な、残忍な  * wealthiest [wɛ́lθiəst]:最も裕福な < wealthy [wélθi] 最上級:裕福な>  * instinct [ínstɪŋ(k)t]:本能、直感  *domination [dὰmənéɪʃən]:統治、支配  *simple [símpl](a) (構造が)単純で扱いやすい <easy = (苦労しないで)簡単な、易しい>  *tribe [trάɪb]:種族、部族  *capability [kèɪpəbíləṭi]:才能、戦闘能力  *constraint [kənˈstreɪnt]:制約、制限、強制、束縛







In the span of a few years some 60 million people would die; men, women, children -- no different than us, shot, beaten, marched, bombed, jailed starved, gassed to death. There are many sites around the world that *chronicle this war -- memorials that tell stories of courage and heroism, graves and empty camps, the echo of unspeakable *depravity. Yet in the image of a mushroom cloud that rose into these skies, we are most *starkly reminded of humanity's core contradiction -- how the very *spark that marks us as a *species, our thoughts, our imagination, our language, our tool making, our ability to set ourselves apart from nature and bend it to our will -- those very things also give us the capacity for *unmatched destruction.


*chronicle [krάnɪkl](vt) 記録にとどめる、(n) 年代記  * depravity [dɪprˈævəṭi]:堕落、悪行  *starkly [stɑ́rkli](ad) 厳然と、不愛想に  *spark [spάɚk]:火花、閃光  *species [spíːʃiːz]:種 <our species:人類>  *unmatched [`ʌnmˈætʃt](a) 無比の、並ぶもののない



この23年の間に6000万もの人たちが亡くなりました。男性、女性、子供達。私たちと全く変わらない人たちが 撃たれ、殴られ、行進させられ、爆撃を受け、牢獄で飢えさせられ、ガス室で亡くなりました。世界中には、この戦争の歴史を記録した場所が沢山あります。 慰霊碑が、勇気と英雄的な物語や、墓地や、空っぽな収容所や無言が響き渡る悪行です。しかし、空に上がったキノコ雲の追想の中で、私たちは人類の非常に大きな不条理に突き当ります。私たちの考え、想像、言語、道具の製作、私たちが自然とは違うということを示す能力こそが種の一つとして人類ならしめているのですが 正に同時にこのことのために、無比の破壊の力が私たちに与えられたのです。




How often does material advancement or social *innovation *blind us to this truth? How easily do we learn to justify violence in the name of some higher cause? Every great religion promises a *path to love and peace and *righteousness. And yet no religion has been *spared from believers who have *claimed their faith has a license to kill. Nations arise telling a story that binds people together in *sacrifice and *cooperation, allowing for remarkable feats, but those same stories have so often been used to *oppress and dehumanize those who are different. Science allows us to communicate across the seas, fly above the clouds, to cure disease and understand the cosmos. But those same discoveries can be turned into ever more *efficient killing machines.


*blind [blάɪnd](vt) 判断力を失くす、目を眩(くら)ます  *innovation [ìnəvéɪʃən]:刷新、革新  *path [pˈæθ]:小道、人の歩くべき道  *righteousness [ráɪtʃəsnəs]:公正、正義  *spare [spéɚ](vt) 与える、なしで済ませる  *claim [kleɪm](vt) 正しいとして主張する  * sacrifice [sˈækrəfὰɪs](n) 生贄(いけにえ)(vt) 捧げる  * cooperation [koʊὰpəréɪʃən]:協力、協調  * oppress [əprés](vt) 圧迫する、ふさぎ込ませる  *dehumanize [dìːhjúːmənὰɪz](vt) 非人間化する、人間性を奪う  *efficient [ɪfíʃənt](a) 効率的な、敏腕の







The wars of the modern age teach us this truth. Hiroshima teaches this truth. Technological progress without an *equivalent progress in human *institutions can *doom us. The scientific revolution that led to the splitting of an *atom requires a moral revolution as well. That is why we come to this place. We stand here in the middle of this city and *force ourselves to imagine the moment the bomb fell. We force ourselves to feel the dread of children confused by what they see. We listen to a silent cry. We remember all the innocents killed across the arc of that terrible war, and the wars that came before, and the wars that would follow. Mere words cannot *give voice to such suffering. But we have a shared responsibility to look directly into the eye of history and ask what we must do *differently to *curb such suffering again.


*equivalent [ɪkwív(ə)lənt](a) 同価値の、同意義の  *institution [ìnstət(j)úːʃən]:制度、慣例、公共施設  *doom [dúːm](vt) 運命づける、(n) 破滅  *atom [ˈæṭəm]:原子、微塵 <splitting of an atom:原子の分裂>  force [fˈɔːs] + to do(vt) ~がせざるを得ない / (n): 物理的な力  *give voice to~:~に(決意を)表明する  *curb [kˈɚːb](vt) 抑制する  *differently [díf(ə)rəntli](ad) 異なって








Someday the voices of the Hibakusha will no longer be with us to *bear witness. But the memory of the morning of August 6, 1945 must never *fade. That memory allows us to fight *complacency. It *fuels our moral imagination, it allows us to change. And since that fateful day we have made choices that give us hope. The United States and Japan *forged not only an *alliance, but a friendship that has won far more for our people that we can ever claim through war. The nations of Europe built a union that replaced battlefields with *bonds of commerce and democracy. *Oppressed peoples and nations won *liberation. An international community established institutions and treaties that worked to avoid war and *aspired to *restrict and roll back and *ultimately eliminate the existence of nuclear weapons.


*bear [béɚ](vt) 産む、(証拠を)示す、与える  *witness [wítnəs]:証人、証拠  *fade [feɪd](vi, vt) 消す、萎(しぼ)  *complacency [kəmˈpl’eɪsnsi]:自己満足  *fuel [fjúːəl](vt) 感情を煽(あお) / (n) 燃料  *forge [fˈɔɚdʒ](n) 鍛冶場、(vt) 鍛える (vi) 徐々に進む  *alliance [əlάɪəns]:同盟  *bond [bάnd](n) 束縛、結束 *oppressed [əprɛ́st](a) (しいた)げられた  *liberation [lìbəréɪʃən]:解放、釈放  *institution [ìnstət(j)úːʃən]:制度、公共施設  *aspire [əspάɪɚ](vt) 大志を抱く、熱望する  *restrict [rɪstríkt](vt) 制限する  *ultimately [ʌ́ltəmətli](ad) 遂に、究極的に  *eliminate [əlímənèɪt](vt) 除去する



いつの日か、被爆者の声も証人たり得なくなることでしょう。しかし「194586日の記憶」は、決して消し去れるものではありません。その記憶のおかげで、私たちは慢心と戦うことができます。私たちの道徳的な想像力をかきたててくれますし、私たちに変化を促してくれます。あの運命の日以来、私たちは希望を与えるものは何かを選択することになったのです。アメリカ合衆国そして日本は、同盟を強固にしてきただけではなく、戦争を振り返って異議を主張するような人々をはるかに超える友情も育んできました。欧州では連合 (EU)ができました。国々は、かつての戦場を、商業と民主主義の絆で結ばれています。抑圧されていた人たちや国々は、解放を勝ち得ました。そして戦争を避けるための様々な制度や条約をつくりました。核兵器保有に制約をかけ、制限し、削減し、最終的には、廃絶へと導くためのものです。




Still, every act of *aggression between nations, every act of *terror and *corruption and *cruelty and oppression that we see around the world shows our work is never done. We may not be able to eliminate man's capacity to do evil, so nations and the alliances that we formed must possess the means to protect ourselves. Among those nations like my own that hold nuclear stockpiles, we must have the courage to escape the logic of fear and *pursue a world without them.


*aggression [əgréʃən]:侵略、不当な攻撃  *terror [térɚ]:恐怖、テロ  *corruption [kərˈʌpʃən]:堕落、収賄  *cruelty [krúːəlti]:残酷、無慈悲、虐待  *pursue [pɚsúː](vt) 追及する







We may not realize this goal in my lifetime, but *persistent effort can *roll back the possibility of *catastrophe. We can chart a course that leads to the *destruction of these *stockpiles, we can stop the spread to new nations, and *secure *deadly materials from *fanatics. And yet that is not enough, for we see around the world today how even the *crudest rifles and *barrel bombs can *serve up violence on a terrible scale. We must change our *mindset about war itself -- to prevent conflicts through *diplomacy and *strive to end conflicts after they've begun; to see our growing *interdependence as a cause for peaceful cooperation and not violent competition; to *define our nations not by our capacity to destroy but by what we build; and perhaps above all reimagine our connection to one another as members of one human race -- for this too, is what makes our species unique.


*persistent [pɚsístənt](a) しつこい、絶え間のない  *roll back~:~を巻き返す、撃退する*catastrophe [kətˈæstrəfi]:大惨事、破滅  *destruction [dɪstrˈʌkʃən]:破壊、大量殺戮 (さつりく)  *stockpile [stɑ́kpàɪl]:備蓄品  *secure [sɪkjˈʊɚ](vt) 危険などから守る (a) 安全で危険のない  *deadly [dédli](a) 致命的な、活気のない  *fanatics [fənǽtɪks]:狂信者  *crude [krúːd](a) 未熟な、粗野な  *barrel [bˈærəl]:樽、胴体 <a barrel of beer1樽のビール / barrels of money:うなるほどのお金>  *serve up~:~を食卓に出す  *mindset [máɪndsɛ̀t]:思考態度  *diplomacy [dɪplóʊməsi]:外交、外交手腕  *strive [strάɪv]:もがき努力する、抗争する  *interdependence [ɪ̀ntɚdəpɛ́ndəns]:相互依存  *define [dɪfάɪn](vt) 定義する、限定する



私が生きている間にこの目的は達成できないかもしれません。しかし、不断の努力によって、大惨事を防ぐことができます。このような備蓄されている破壊兵器を根絶する道を描くことができます。新興国への拡散を阻止し、狂信的たちに致命的破壊兵器が渡る危険を阻止することが可能です。しかし、それだけでは十分ではありません。世界では、粗末なライフルであっても、樽の爆弾であっても、想像を絶する破壊をもたらすことがあります。私たちの戦争そのものに対する考え方を変えなくてはなりません。- 始まってしまった紛争は、外交を通じて、終わらせる努力をしなければなりません。暴力抗争でではなく、平和的な協力の元となる相互依存を促進してゆくことが重要です。国家をその破壊能力としてではなく、建設するものは何かによって定義づけなければなりません。すなわち、同じ人類の一員としての繋がりを再び確認する必要があります。- この絆によってこそ、人類が特別な種であり得る証(あかし)となり得るのです。




We're not bound by *genetic codes to repeat the mistakes of the past. We can learn. We can choose. We can tell our children a different story, one that describes a common humanity, one that makes war less likely and *cruelty less easily accepted. We see these stories in the Hibakusha: the woman who forgave the pilot who flew the plane that dropped the atomic bomb because she recognized what she really hated was war itself; the man who *sought out families of Americans killed here because he believed their loss was equal to his own.


*genetic [dʒənéṭɪk](a) 遺伝学の、遺伝上の <genetic codes:遺伝暗号:遺伝コード>  *cruelty [krúːəlti]:残忍、無慈悲、虐待  *sought outseek out:捜し出す<過去形= sought>



私たち人類は、過去の過ちを繰り返すような遺伝子情報で縛られてはいません。学習能力があります。選択能力があります。子供達に対して、別の道もあるのだと語ることができます。人類の共通性、戦争が起こりにくい世界、残虐性を容易には受け入れない世界を作っていくことができるのだということを伝えることができます。次の広島での話がこのことを証明してくれています。- 原爆を落としたパイロットに会った女性がいました。彼女が心から憎むものは戦争そのものであることを悟っていましたから、原子爆弾を投下したパイロットを許したのです。アメリカの犠牲も、日本の犠牲も、同じなのだと信じることができたからこそ、(日本の)男性は、この地で殺されたアメリカ人の家族を捜し出したのです。




My own nation's story began with simple words. All men are created equal and *endowed with certain *inalienable rights, including life, liberty and the *pursuit of happiness. Realizing that ideal has never been easy, even within our own borders, even among our own citizens. But staying true to that story is worth the effort. It is an ideal to be strived for, an ideal that extends across continents and across oceans. The *irreducible worth of every person, the *insistence that every life is precious, the *radical and necessary *notion that we are part of a single human family: that is the story that we all must tell. That is why we come to Hiroshima, so that we might think of people we love, the first smile from our children in the morning, the gentle touch from a *spouse over the kitchen table, the comforting *embrace of a parent. We can think of those things and know that those same precious moments took place here 71 years ago. Those who died, they are like us.


*endow [endάʊ](vt) 寄贈する、授ける  *inalienable [ìnéɪljənəbl](a) 奪うことができない、譲渡できない  *pursuit [pɚsúːt]:追及、遂行  *irreducible [ìrɪd(j)úːsəbl](a) 単純化できない、削減できない  *insistence [ɪnsístəns]:主張、強要  *radical [rˈædɪk(ə)l](a) 根本的な、急進的な、過激な  *notion [nóʊʃən]:概念、考え、気紛(まぐ)  *spouse [spάʊs]:配偶者  *embrace [embréɪs](vt) 抱きしめる、包含する







Ordinary people understand this, I think. They do not want more war. They would rather that the *wonders of science be focused on improving life and not *eliminating it. When the choices made by nations, when the choices made by leaders reflect this simple wisdom, then the lesson of Hiroshima is done. The world was forever changed here, but today the children of this city will *go through their day in peace. What a precious thing that is. It is worth protecting and then extending to every child. That is a future we can choose, a future in which Hiroshima and Nagasaki are known not as the *dawn of atomic *warfare, but as the start of our own moral awakening.


*eliminate [əlímənèɪt](vt) 除去する、殺す  *go through~:~を通過する、耐え抜く  *dawn [dˈɔːn]:夜明け、曙  *warfare [wˈɔɚfèɚ]:戦闘行為、闘争  *wonder [wˈʌndɚ]:驚き、驚嘆すべきもの





<The End>

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This poor translation into English is for both brushing up Yoshy’s proficiency and telling updates to my foreign friends. Yoshy’s several foreign friends are always checking this blog; wrong expressions found, an article of “Correction” has been uploaded here.

英文中、英検2級レベル以上の語彙や表現には、* (星印)で注釈をつけています。

In this blog, Yoshy adds * (asterisk) at the vocabulary and expressions whose level are Eiken 2nd and over, and writes its explanation.